It is recommended to breastfeed exclusively for six months and then while introducing to other food sources extend it to twelve months. In this duration most mothers will need help of some sort of medication, It could be for short term like could and flue or it could be something chronic like Arthritis or Diabetes and here comes the question of safety of medication in use. In this post we will figure out what is Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit and whether its safe to use Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit while nursing or not.
What is Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit used for?
Levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP, 0.1 mg and 0.02 mg are indicated for the prevention of pregnancy in women who elect to use oral contraceptives as a method of contraception. Oral contraceptives are highly effective. Table II lists the typical accidental pregnancy rates for users of combination oral contraceptives and other methods of contraception. The efficacy of these contraceptive methods, except sterilization, the IUD, and Norplant® System, depends upon the reliability with which they are used. Correct and consistent use of methods can result in lower failure rates. Table II: Percentage of Women Experiencing an Unintended Pregnancy During the First Year of Typical Use and the First Year of Perfect Use of Contraception and the Percentage ContinuingUse at the End of the First Year. United States. Emergency Contraceptive Pills: The FDA has concluded that certain combined oral contraceptives containing ethinyl estradiol and norgestrel or levonorgestrel are safe and effective for use as postcoital emergency contraception. Treatment initiated within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse reduces the risk of pregnancy by at least 75%.9 Lactation Amenorrhea Method: LAM is a highly effective, temporary method of contraception.1 0 Source: Trussell J. Contraceptive efficacy. In: Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Stewart F, Cates W, Stewart GK, Kowel D, Guest F. Contraceptive Technology: Seventeenth Revised Edition. New York NY: Irvington Publishers; 1998. 1 Among typical couples who initiate use of a method (not necessarily for the first time), the percentage who experience an accidental pregnancy during the first year if they do not stop use for any other reason. 2 Among couples who initiate use of a method (not necessarily for the first time) and who use it perfectly (both consistently and correctly), the percentage who experience an accidental pregnancy during the first year if they do not stop use for any other reason. 3 Among couples attempting to avoid pregnancy, the percentage who continue to use a method for one year. 4 The percents becoming pregnant in columns (2) and (3) are based on data from populations where contraception is not used and from women who cease using contraception in order to become pregnant. Among such populations, about 89% become pregnant within one year. This estimate was lowered slightly (to 85%) to represent the percent who would become pregnant within one year among women now relying on reversible methods of contraception if they abandoned contraception altogether. 5 Foams, creams, gels, vaginal suppositories, and vaginal film. 6 Cervical mucus (ovulation) method supplemented by calendar in the pre-ovulatory and basal body temperature in the post-ovulatory phases. 7 With spermicidal cream or jelly. 8 Without spermicides. 9 The treatment schedule is one dose within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse, and a second dose 12 hours after the first dose. The FDA has declared the following dosage regimens of oral contraceptives to be safe and effective for emergency contraception: for tablets containing 50 mcg of ethinyl estradiol and 500 mcg of norgestrel 1 dose is 2 tablets; for tablets containing 20 mcg of ethinyl estradiol and 100 mcg of levonorgestrel 1 dose is 5 tablets; for tablets containing 30 mcg of ethinyl estradiol and 150 mcg of levonorgestrel 1 dose is 4 tablets. 1 0 However, to maintain effective protection against pregnancy, another method of contraception must be used as soon as menstruation resumes, the frequency or duration of breastfeeds is reduced, bottle feeds are introduced, or the baby reaches 6 months of age. Header $% of Women Experiencing an % of Women Continuing Unintended Pregnancy within the Use at One Year 3 First Year of Use Method Typical Use 1 Perfect Use 2 (1) (2) (3) (4) Chance 4 85 85 Spermicides 5 26 6 40 Periodic abstinence 25 63 Calendar 9 Ovulation Method 3 Sympto-Thermal 6 2 Post-Ovulation 1 Cap 7 Parous Women 40 26 42 Nulliparous Women 20 9 56 Sponge Parous Women 40 20 42 Nulliparous Women 20 9 56 Diaphragm 7 20 6 56 Withdrawal 19 4 Condom 8 Female (Reality) 21 5 56 Male 14 3 61 Pill 5 71 Progestin only 0.5 Combined 0.1 IUD Progesterone T 2.0 1.5 81 Copper T380A 0.8 0.6 78 LNg 20 0.1 0.1 81 Depo-Provera® 0.3 0.3 70 Levonorgestrel Implants (Norplant®) 0.05 0.05 88 Female Sterilization 0.5 0.5 100 Male Sterilization 0.15 0.10 100 In a clinical trial with levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets, 1,477 subjects had 7,720 cycles of use and a total of 5 pregnancies were reported. This represents an overall pregnancy rate of 0.84 per 100 woman-years. This rate includes patients who did not take the drug correctly. One or more pills were missed during 1,479 (18.8%) of the 7,870 cycles; thus all tablets were taken during 6,391 (81.2%) of the 7,870 cycles. Of the total 7,870 cycles, a total of 150 cycles were excluded from the calculation of the Pearl index due to the use of backup contraception and/or missing 3 or more consecutive pills.
What are the risk associated with Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit usage while breastfeeding? What precautions shall I take while using it in breastfeeding?
Ethinyl estradiol and Levonorgestrel are the two main ingredients of Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit. Based on our individual analysis of Ethinyl estradiol and Levonorgestrel we can safely say that Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit has low risk while breastfeeding. Below we have summarized the usage of Ethinyl estradiol and Levonorgestrel while breastfeeding, we recommend you to go through it for better understanding of your usage.
Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit Breastfeeding Analsys
Ethinyl estradiol while Breastfeeding Low Risk
CAS Number: 57-63-6
Synthetic estrogen that has a similar action as estradiol. Used in combination with progestogens for contraception. Ethinylestradiol is excreted in small or no amount into breast milk.There is evidence (albeit inconsistent) that estrogen-containing pills may decrease milk production, especially during the first few weeks postpartum with a daily dose above 30 micrograms of ethinyl estradiol.It may reduce the protein content of the milk.No problems have been observed in infants whose mothers were treated, except some cases of transient gynecomastia in infants whose mothers were receiving a higher dose than usual. During lactation progestin-only drugs are preferred or in combination with estrogen for birth control, but whatever, the ones with the lower doses of estrogen should be used.For the first 6 weeks postpartum, non-hormonal methods are of choise.
Levonorgestrel while Breastfeeding Safe
CAS Number: 797-63-7
Progestin containing contraceptive drug that is used as a single dose for oral, subcutaneous implant, intrauterine device (IUD), or emergency contraception administration.Also marketed in association with ethinylestradiol Levonorgestrel is a progestin, and active metabolite isomer of norgestrel, both derived from nortestosterone. It is excreted in breast milk in clinically non-significant amount, and, no problems have been observed in infants whose mothers were treated. The plasma levels of these infants were very low. Levonorgestrel and progestogens are generally considered contraceptive drugs of choice during lactation since they neither alter the quantity and composition of milk nor cause side effects on both growth of infants and the duration of breastfeeding.Published study results have shown protection against breast bone mass loss with the use of progestin-only contraceptives. For the first 6 weeks postpartum, non-hormonal methods are of choise. There is a debate on the role of progestin-related drugs in decreasing milk production when used before lactation has been fully established. The American Academy of Pediatrics states that this medication is usually compatible with breastfeeding.WHO List of Essential Medicines 2002: rates it as compatible with breastfeeding after the 6th postnatal week.
Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit Breastfeeding Analsys - 2
Ethinyl estradiol while Breastfeeding
CAS Number: 57-63-6
This record contains information specific to ethinyl estradiol used alone. Users with an interest in an oral contraceptive should consult the record entitled, "Contraceptives, Oral, Combined."There is little information available on the use of ethinyl estradiol alone during breastfeeding. Levels in milk appear to be low. Based on studies on oral contraceptives that contain ethinyl estradiol, immediate side effects such as breast enlargement appear to occur rarely. It seems likely that doses of 30 mcg daily or greater can suppress lactation. The magnitude of the effect on lactation likely depends on the dose and the time of introduction postpartum, but data are not adequate to accurately define these doses and times.
Levonorgestrel while Breastfeeding
CAS Number: 797-63-7
This record contains information specific to oral levonorgestrel used alone. Those with an interest in a combination oral contraceptive should consult the record entitled, "Contraceptives, Oral, Combined." Although nonhormonal methods are preferred during breastfeeding, progestin-only contraceptives such as levonorgestrel are considered the hormonal contraceptives of choice during lactation. Fair quality evidence indicates that levonorgestrel does not adversely affect the composition of milk, the growth and development of the infant or the milk supply. Expert opinion holds that the risks of progestin-only contraceptive products usually are acceptable for nursing mothers at any time postpartum. Some evidence indicates that progestin-only contraceptives may offer protection against bone mineral density loss during lactation, or at least do not exacerbate it. After use of levonorgestrel as a postcoital contraceptive, nursing can resume 3 to 4 hours after the dose (or after each dose if the two-dose method is used). Postcoital levonorgestrel appears to have no long-term adverse effects on breastfeeding or the infant.
What if I already have used Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit?
Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit is in the category of low risk, if you have already used it then its not a big deal if health and behavior of baby is good. However your health care provider shall be aware of the fact that you have used Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit so you should inform him based on your convenience.
I am nursing mother and my doctor has suggested me to use Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit, is it safe?
Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit comes in category of low risk and if your doctor is aware that you are breastfeeding it should be ok to use without much concerns.
If I am using Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit, will my baby need extra monitoring?
Not much monitoring required while using Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit
Who can I talk to if I have questions about usage of Levonorgestrel And Ethinyl Estradiol Kit in breastfeeding?
National Womens Health and Breastfeeding Helpline: 800-994-9662 (TDD 888-220-5446) 9 a.m. and 6 p.m. ET, Monday through Friday
National Breastfeeding Helpline: 0300-100-0212 9.30am to 9.30pm, daily
Association of Breastfeeding Mothers: 0300-330-5453
La Leche League: 0345-120-2918
The Breastfeeding Network supporter line in Bengali and Sylheti: 0300-456-2421
National Childbirth Trust (NCT): 0300-330-0700
National Breastfeeding Helpline: 1800-686-268 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
Telehealth Ontario for breastfeeding: 1-866-797-0000 24 hours a day, 7 days a week