Question

I am a breastfeeding mother and i want to know if it is safe to use Chloroquine? Is Chloroquine safe for nursing mother and child? Does Chloroquine extracts into breast milk? Does Chloroquine has any long term or short term side effects on infants? Can Chloroquine influence milk supply or can Chloroquine decrease milk supply in lactating mothers?

Chloroquine lactation summary

Chloroquine is safe in breastfeeding
  • DrLact safety Score for Chloroquine is 1 out of 8 which is considered Safe as per our analyses.
  • A safety Score of 1 indicates that usage of Chloroquine is mostly safe during lactation for breastfed baby.
  • Our study of different scientific research also indicates that Chloroquine does not cause any serious side effects in breastfeeding mothers.
  • Most of scientific studies and research papers declaring usage of Chloroquine safe in breastfeeding are based on normal dosage and may not hold true for higher dosage.
  • Score calculated using the DrLact safety Version 1.2 model, this score ranges from 0 to 8 and measures overall safety of drug in lactation. Scores are primarily calculated using publicly available case studies, research papers, other scientific journals and publically available data.

Answer by Dr. Ru: About Chloroquine usage in lactation

No adverse effect has been described. Anti-malarial drug used for anti-inflammatory and immune suppressive medication on collagen diseases like idiopathic arthritis or lupus. After a dose of 5 mg per kilo taken by the mother only 0.2 mg is secreted into breast milk. This amount would not be harmful for the child since the dose to a child as chemo-prophylaxis for malaria is 8 mg per kilo each week. Avoid using it in patients suffering G-6-P-dehydrogenasa. American Academy of Pediatrics: Maternal Medication Usually Compatible With Breastfeeding.

Answer by DrLact: About Chloroquine usage in lactation

Very small amounts of chloroquine are excreted in breast milk; when given once weekly, the amount of drug is not sufficient to harm the infant nor is the quantity sufficient to protect the child from malaria. United Kingdom malaria treatment guidelines recommend that weekly chloroquine 500 mg be given until breastfeeding is completed and primaquine can be given.[1] Breastfeeding infants should receive the recommended dosages of chloroquine for malaria prophylaxis.[2] In HIV-infected women, elevated viral HIV loads in milk were decreased after treatment with chloroquine to a greater extent than other women who were treated with the combination of sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine.[3] Because no information is available on the daily use of chloroquine during breastfeeding, hydroxychloroquine or another agent may be preferred in this situation, especially while nursing a newborn or preterm infant.

Chloroquine Side Effects in Breastfeeding

Several authors have pointed out that malaria prophylaxis in nursing mothers with chloroquine is common in endemic areas.[7][8][9] As of the revision date, no reports of adverse reactions in breastfed infants have been published.

Alternate Drugs

Moxifloxacin(Low Risk)
Nelfinavir(Unsafe)
Cefixime(Safe)
Demeclocycline(Low Risk)
Amikacin(Safe)
Naftifine(Safe)
Methicillin(Low Risk)
Famciclovir(Low Risk)
Cefepime(Safe)
Meropenem(Safe)
Dapsone(Low Risk)
Malathion(Low Risk)
Erythromycin(Low Risk)
Capreomycin(Low Risk)
Clindamycin(Low Risk)
Cefdinir(Safe)
Indinavir(Unsafe)
Ertapenem(Safe)
Cefazolin(Safe)
Lomefloxacin(Low Risk)
Levofloxacin(Low Risk)
Zidovudine(Low Risk)
Acyclovir(Safe)
Cefaclor(Safe)
Primaquine(Low Risk)
Kanamycin(Safe)
Tenofovir(Safe)
Econazole(Safe)
Efavirenz(Unsafe)
Didanosine(Unsafe)
Quinine(Safe)
Aztreonam(Safe)
Amantadine(Low Risk)
Cefprozil(Safe)
Lindane(Unsafe)
Ofloxacin(Safe)
Atovaquone(Low Risk)
Gatifloxacin(Low Risk)
Saquinavir(Unsafe)
Linezolid(Low Risk)
Cefoxitin(Safe)
Ritonavir(Unsafe)
Neomycin(Safe)
Cefotetan(Safe)
Abacavir(Safe)
Valganciclovir(Low Risk)
Enoxacin(Low Risk)
Nafcillin(Safe)
Ganciclovir(Low Risk)
Doxycycline(Low Risk)
Nevirapine(Low Risk)
Rifaximin(Safe)
Primaquine(Low Risk)
Quinine(Safe)
Atovaquone(Low Risk)
Malathion(Low Risk)
Primaquine(Low Risk)
Pyrantel(Safe)
Quinine(Safe)
Lindane(Unsafe)
Atovaquone(Low Risk)
Primaquine(Low Risk)
Quinine(Safe)
Atovaquone(Low Risk)
Methotrexate(Low Risk)
Anakinra(Low Risk)
Abatacept(Low Risk)
Rituximab(Low Risk)
Leflunomide(Dangerous)
Penicillamine(Low Risk)
Tocilizumab(Low Risk)
Auranofin(Low Risk)
Disclaimer: Information presented in this database is not meant as a substitute for professional judgment. You should consult your healthcare provider for breastfeeding advice related to your particular situation. We do not warrant or assume any liability or responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the information on this Site.