I am a breastfeeding mother and i want to know if it is safe to use Dipyrone? Is Dipyrone safe for nursing mother and child? Does Dipyrone extracts into breast milk? Does Dipyrone has any long term or short term side effects on infants? Can Dipyrone influence milk supply or can Dipyrone decrease milk supply in lactating mothers?

Dipyrone lactation summary

Dipyrone usage has low risk in breastfeeding
  • DrLact safety Score for Dipyrone is 3 out of 8 which is considered Low Risk as per our analyses.
  • A safety Score of 3 indicates that usage of Dipyrone may cause some minor side effects in breastfed baby.
  • Our study of different scientific research indicates that Dipyrone may cause moderate to no side effects in lactating mother.
  • Most of scientific studies and research papers declaring usage of Dipyrone low risk in breastfeeding are based on normal dosage and may not hold true for higher dosage.
  • While using Dipyrone We suggest monitoring child for possible reactions. It is also important to understand that side effects vary largely based on age of breastfed child and time of medication in addition to dosage.
  • Score calculated using the DrLact safety Version 1.2 model, this score ranges from 0 to 8 and measures overall safety of drug in lactation. Scores are primarily calculated using publicly available case studies, research papers, other scientific journals and publically available data.

Answer by Dr. Ru: About Dipyrone usage in lactation

Pirazolone derivative analgesic drug. Authorized and widely used drug in Europe and Latin America. Not approved in USA and UK since the 70’s because increased risk of rash, anaphylaxis and agranulocytosis (1 case out of 1 million) yet not confirmed in other settings. No untoward effects have been reported aside from a case of cyanosis in the 80’s. The American Academy of Pediatrics rates it as compatible with Breastfeeding.

Answer by DrLact: About Dipyrone usage in lactation

Dipyrone is not approved for marketing in the United States by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or in Canada and many European countries because of its adverse reactions, including agranulocytosis. However, it is widely used in other countries during labor and breastfeeding.[1][2][3][4] After ingestion by the mother, dipyrone and its metabolites appear in breastmilk in rather large amounts. It is found in the blood and urine of breastfed infants and can cause pharmacological effects in the breastfed infant. One case of cyanotic episodes in a breastfed infant was attributed to dipyrone in breastmilk. The drug and metabolites are eliminated from the breastmilk by 48 hours after a dose and one manufacturer recommends no breastfeeding for 48 hours after a dose.[5] Safer alternatives are available for analgesia during breastfeeding.

Dipyrone Side Effects in Breastfeeding

A 42-day-old breastfed infant had 2 cyanotic episodes within 30 minutes after his mother took 3 doses of dipyrone 500 mg orally, 18, 7 and 2 hours before the first episode. A third episode occurred 24 hours after admission to the hospital. Dipyrone was detected in the mother's breastmilk 24 hours after the last dose and in the infant's serum and urine. No explanation could be found for the cyanotic episodes other than dipyrone and after suspending maternal dipyrone intake, no further episodes occurred in the infant up to age 3 years. The reaction is rated as possibly caused by dipyrone in breastmilk.[6] In a blinded study, mothers who were at least 3 days postpartum and requesting analgesia for postpartum uterine pain were given either 1 gram of dipyrone or placebo. The infants of mothers who received dipyrone cried fewer times and for shorter durations in the 14 hours after drug administration than the infants of mothers who received placebo. This effect was more apparent in infants who demand fed than in those who fed on a fixed schedule.[8] Although this study appears to demonstrate a pharmacologic effect in the infants from dipyrone in milk, there is no clear explanation for the change in infant behavior. A multicenter case-control study in Brazil compared 231 children who developed leukemia before 2 years of age with 411 children with various other nonmalignant diseases. Mothers were interviewed to ascertain their analgesic use during pregnancy and lactation. Nursing mothers who took dipyrone during the three months after delivery had a 2-fold risk of having a child with acute lymphocytic leukemia and a 3.87-fold risk in having rearrangement of the MLL gene in infants under one year of age.[9]

Synonyms of Dipyrone

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