I am a breastfeeding mother and i want to know if it is safe to use Euphorbia? Is Euphorbia safe for nursing mother and child? Does Euphorbia extracts into breast milk? Does Euphorbia has any long term or short term side effects on infants? Can Euphorbia influence milk supply or can Euphorbia decrease milk supply in lactating mothers?
There are over 2000 species of Euphorbia containing numerous chemical compounds, although no specific active ingredients have been identified. Several Euphorbia species have been used as galactogogues in various cultures, such as Euphorbia lancifolia (called ixbut in the local language) by the Mayans in Guatemala, Euphorbia hirta in India, and Euphorbia serpyllifolia and other species by American Indians. No scientifically valid clinical trials support this use; however, some evidence in animals found that a Euphorbia extract increases serum prolactin. Galactogogues should never replace evaluation and counseling on modifiable factors that affect milk production. No data exist on the excretion of any components of Euphorbia into breastmilk. Euphorbia species exude a white sap that can cause contact sensitization and ocular toxicity if it gets in the eye. Taken orally, Euphorbia can cause nausea and vomiting. Dietary supplements do not require extensive pre-marketing approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Manufacturers are responsible to ensure the safety, but do not need to the safety and effectiveness of dietary supplements before they are marketed. Dietary supplements may contain multiple ingredients, and differences are often found between labeled and actual ingredients or their amounts. A manufacturer may contract with an independent organization to verify the quality of a product or its ingredients, but that does certify the safety or effectiveness of a product. Because of the above issues, clinical testing results on one product may not be applicable to other products. More detailed information #about dietary supplements# is available elsewhere on the LactMed Web site.
Animal studies have demonstrated an increase in serum prolactin after intravenous administration of an extract of Euphorbia hirta.
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