CAS Number: 82419-36-1
It is excreted in breast milk in small quantities. Quinolone-derived drugs are being used in neonates and young infants, without the appearance of side effects. They are barely excreted into the milk and the absorption in the child’s intestine is hampered by the presence of calcium in the milk. As long as it is necessary the use of fluoroquinolones in a lactating mother, norfloxacin, ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin should be chosen since they reach lower levels in the milk. Check-up the baby for occurrence of diarrhea, since a case of pseudomembranous colitis was published possibly related to maternal intake of ciprofloxacin in a premature child who had suffered from necrotizing enterocolitis. Take into account the possibility of negative-culture results in febrile infants whose mothers are on antibiotics. American Academy of Pediatrics classifies it as usually compatible with breastfeeding medication.
CAS Number: 82419-36-1
Ofloxacin appears in breastmilk in low levels. Fluoroquinolones have traditionally not been used in infants because of concern about adverse effects on the infants' developing joints. However, recent studies indicate little risk. The calcium in milk might prevent absorption of the small amounts of fluoroquinolones in milk. Insufficient data exist to prove or disprove this assertion. Developmental problems have been reported in two infants exposed to ofloxacin in breastmilk, but their mothers were also exposed to several drugs during pregnancy and during breastfeeding, so the problems cannot necessarily be attributed to ofloxacin. Use of ofloxacin is acceptable in nursing mothers with monitoring of the infant for possible effects on the flora, such as diarrhea or candidiasis (thrush, diaper rash). . Avoiding breastfeeding for 4 to 6 hours after a dose should decrease the exposure of the infant to ofloxacin in breastmilk. Maternal use of an ear drop or eye drop that contains ofloxacin presents negligible risk for the nursing infant. To substantially diminish the amount of drug that reaches the breastmilk after using eye drops, place pressure over the tear duct by the corner of the eye for 1 minute or more, then remove the excess solution with an absorbent tissue.
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